Its importance - Formerly artisans made things mainly with the help of their hands. They used very simple tools. With the help of these tools, artisans could not produce things in large quantities.The price also was comparatively high. But with the progress of science improved machines have been invented and manufactured. With their help men can now produce things on a scale, in a shorter time and at a smaller cost. So we can understand the importance of technical knowledge. It helps the artisans to use machines and manufacture things in large quantities.
The present age is the age of machines. The importance of technical education in this age of machines is very great. The western countries have made great material progress. Their knowledge of technology is at the root of their prosperity. In India people have got very little technical education. For this reason India is lagging behind the progressive countries of the West.
Want of technical education in British India - The British Government did very little to spread technical education among the Indians. They had given us literary eduction in the universities. This had helped to produce lawyears, doctors, teachers and mainly clerks. The British Government wanted clerks and officers for the administration of the country. So they laid stress on this type of education only. There was one defect of this education. It made educated men averse to manual labour. But technical education requires manual labour. The university education made young men quite unfit for manual labour. Besides, technical institutions were very few and it required much money to receive technical education. There was not much opportunity for receiving practical training in mills and factories. Educated young men also were not inclined to receive this training, as at the time they looked down upon manual labour. But it will not be correct to say that the British Government totally ignored techni- cal education in India. They set up technical institutions and colleges to produce technicians and engineers in such number as were necessary to meet their immediate needs.
Encouragement for technical education in free India - Things and views have been changed since the independence of India. Our national Government has keenly felt the necessity of imparting technical education to the young men. So the Government is trying its at most to set up technical institutions all over the country. It is also giving stipends to students to receive this education. It has arranged with millis and factories to give practical training to the student who come out successfully in the final examination of the technical institutions.
After the traning period is over these students will get jobs in engineering frims or many start small factories or mills them- selves. The problem of unemployment has been very accute. Students also feel the necessity of receiving this education.They no longer look down upon manual labour. Many technicians are now necessary for the building of mills and factories, for buliding dams and for the development of the industries of India. These are many projects in the five year plans of our Government for the material progress of the country.Foreign experts have been initially appointed for this purpose. But India has since made a place for itself as one of the countries boasting highly trained technical manpower. India engineers particularly in the field of onformation technology are sought after all over the world. India is regarded as a leader in software technology.
Conclusion- Though technical electrical is very important now, we cannot altogether neglect education. Technical education help us to earn a living. But that is not enough.We require cultural education also. The study of humanities will help us in this respect. So science and humanities should go hand to make good citizens of us.