Solutions to traffic problems:
a.) Tax private car users
b.) Use the money collected to improve public transport.
Analytically evaluate the solutions & list their advantages and disadvantages.
Traffic is one of the biggest challenges for the big cities all over the world. But I believe that there are a number of ways in which this problem can be addressed. Imposing tax on private car users may not be necessarily needed.
One of a really practical solution is to encourage people to use public transport. In developing countries, public transport may not be in very good shape and may need lot of investment to revamp the same. However, Government has been taking steps over the last few years to address the issue of public transport. In India, for example, the development of Metro train has caused a revolution. It has definitely made the life of middle class easier and also helps in addressing the traffic problem to an extent.
Another alternative is to encourage people to go in for "car pool" and the organizations should reward their employees in some way who opt for car pool as this is a step directly towards traffic reduction and environmental protection at large.
Also, efficient traffic management can help reduce the problem to a great extent. For this, extensive trainings should be imparted to the traffic police department from time to time incorporating latest and more innovative techniques of traffic management.
Also, severe steps should be taken against the parking of vehicles on the road side. In Delhi itself, it is a normal trend for people to park cars on the road - side or in the no parking zones thereby leading to congestions and traffic jams. Strict laws should be made and enforced about the same so that unnecessary clogging of roads can be avoided.
I believe that the approach towards addressing the traffic problem should be rewarding the people who do their bit by following the rules and regulations, by opting for car pools or by travelling by public transport rather than penalising the private car owners with another tax as it may various psychological implications.
Government has also joined hands with the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Programme to implement good practices in road safety like promoting motorcycle helmets, reducing drink-driving in addition to monitoring traffic conditions and taking necessary measures to reduce the same.
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