How do you think the crime would reduce - with harsher punishments or moral teachings?
Discuss both the views and take a stand.
This is quite debatable as to whether harsh punishments are more effective in reducing crime or moral teachings. If one was to follow the Bible, one would follow the principle of retribution which believes that punishment is deserved in proportion to the seriousness of an offence.
But one has to understand, what the underlying objective of punishment is. If it is to inflict suffering on the offender, then harsh punishment should be the approach. However, if the objective is to reassert the morals in the offender, then moral teachings come across as an effective approach.
In my opinion, the crime would be most effectively handled if a balanced approach is followed - one which punishes also to an extent and shows right direction for the future as well. The ones conceited should also be given a chance to re-invent themselves. For example, more important is to eradicate the habit of stealing in a person than to send him to jail. But sending to jail is also necessary; else wrong doings will increase in the society.
The problem arises when the convicted of a crime are abandoned by the society or viewed with hatred. In those cases, they become further rebellious and resolve to crime permanently. A still better approach would be that laws in a country should be strict enough and police vigilant enough, so that crime is prevented to a large extent. Also, delayed system of justice increases the proportion of crimes. Courts should practice immediate justice procedure. This will help to reduce crime rate.
Sometimes, harsh punishments become absolutely necessary. This is because criminal psychology has revealed an important insight that, some people take decision about whether to commit a crime or not depending upon its punishment. They might commit a crime if the penalty/punishment is not very high or if their chances of getting caught are very low. For this genre, harsh punishment definitely averts them from committing crime, thereby reducing the crime rate.
Many psychologists also feel that, media is also responsible to a large extent in increasing of crime rates. Telecasting highly violent television shows have been responsible to an extent for increasing violent behaviour in people.
On one hand, there are crimes which are done due to forceful circumstances of a person and on the other hand, there are crimes of passion and crimes of logic. Punishment and its harshness should be decided depending of the nature of crime and underlying intentions of a person.
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