ThePrismSolutions

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INDIA'S MARS MISSION

Making the first formal announcement on the country's MARS mission, Prime Minister Manmohan singh on August 15,2012 saidIndia will send a mission to the Red Planet that will mark huge step in the area of science and technology. Recently, the Cabinet has approved the Mars Orbiter Mission.

Under this mission , Indian spaceship will go near Mars and collect important scientific information. The project envisages placing a spacecraft in the Red Planet's orbit to study its atomsphere with the help of ISRO's work horse launch rocket- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). As per the proposal drawn up by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Rs. 450 crore Mars Orbiter mission is expeccted to be launched in November, 2013 with a 25 Kg scientific payload.

The ISRO had been aiming at lauching the mission either in 2016 and 2018. Besides, the Chndrayaan-11 mission to moon, which is planned to be launched in 2014-15, has neen provided Rs.82.50 crore.

Mars Exploration Program

The Mars Exploration Program (MEP) is a long-term effort to explore the planet Mars, funded and led by the U.S. space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The Mars Exploration Program itself was formed officially in the wake of the failed Mars Observer in September 1992, which had been NASA's first Mars mission since the Viking 1 and Viking 2 projects in 1975.

The spacecraft, which was based on a modified Earth-orbiting commercial satellite, carried a payload of instruments designed to study the geology, geophysics and climate of Mars from orbit.

The mission ended in August, 1993 when communications were lost three days before the spacecraft had been scheduled to enter orbit.



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