Making the first formal announcement on the country's MARS mission,
Prime Minister Manmohan singh on August 15,2012 saidIndia will send
a mission to the Red Planet that will mark huge step in the area of
science and technology. Recently, the Cabinet has approved the Mars
Under this mission , Indian spaceship will go near
Mars and collect important scientific information. The project
envisages placing a spacecraft in the Red Planet's orbit to study
its atomsphere with the help of ISRO's work horse launch rocket-
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). As per the proposal drawn
up by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Rs. 450
crore Mars Orbiter mission is expeccted to be launched in November,
2013 with a 25 Kg scientific payload.
The ISRO had been aiming at lauching the mission either in 2016
and 2018. Besides, the Chndrayaan-11 mission to moon, which is planned to be
launched in 2014-15, has neen provided Rs.82.50 crore.
Mars Exploration Program
The Mars Exploration Program (MEP) is a long-term effort to
explore the planet Mars, funded and led by the U.S. space agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The Mars Exploration Program itself was formed officially in the
wake of the failed Mars Observer in September 1992, which had
been NASA's first Mars mission since the Viking 1 and Viking 2
projects in 1975.
The spacecraft, which was based on a modified Earth-orbiting
commercial satellite, carried a payload of instruments designed to
study the geology, geophysics and climate of Mars from orbit.
The mission ended in August, 1993 when communications were
lost three days before the spacecraft had been scheduled to enter