Sometimes it so happens that the borrower and the lender agree to
fix up a certain unit of time,
say yearly or half-yearly or quarterly to settle the previous
In such cases, the amount after first unit of time becomes the principal
for the second
unit,the amount after second unit becomes the principal for the third
unit and so on.
After a specified period, the difference between the amount and the money
borrowed is called the Compound
Interest (abbreviated as C.I.) for that period.
Let Principal = P, Rate = R% per annum, Time = n years.
I. When interest is compound Annually:
Amount = P(1+R/100)n
II. When interest is compounded Half-yearly:
Amount = P[1+(R/2)/100]2n
III. When interest is compounded Quarterly:
Amount = P[ 1+(R/4)/100]4n
IV. When interest is compounded AnnuaI1y but time is in fraction, say 3(2/5)
Amount = P(1+R/100)3
V. When Rates are different for different years, say Rl%, R2%, R3% for 1st,
2nd and 3rd year
Then, Amount = P(1+R1/100)(1+R2/100)(1+R3/100)
VI. Present worth of Rs.x due n years hence is given by :
Present Worth = x/(1+(R/100))n